On 9th February 2015, the Ministry of Public Health presented the first Report on Health Inequity and Its Social Determinants. This report is one of the first deliverables by the Health Equity Monitoring System (SVES), which was designed and
Ministry of Public HealthMinisterio de Salud PúblicaMinistry of Public HealthMinistry of Public Health
Conceived of as a key tool for reorienting the entirehealth policy, the SVES is making Uruguay’s strongcommitment to improving health equity, one of the pillars of the reform started a few years back, a reality. This commitment involves reducing inequity, i.e. unjust inequality in healthcare, related to disparities in resources (economic, social, cultural) and power.
The meeting—inaugurated by Susana Muñiz Jiménez, Minister of Public Health; Daniel Olesker,Minister of Social Development; Juan Fernández Trigo, Head of the European Union Delegation in Uruguay; and Pedro Flores Urbano, Director of the FIIAPP—brought together the principal Uruguayan institutions participating on an intersectoral basis in health policy: the Ministry of Public Health, the Ministry of Social Development, the Office of Planning and Budgeting, the National Institute of Statistics and the E-Government and Information Society Agency. The purpose was to share with them theconclusions of the first report and receive their comments and input to continue improving the system. This participatory methodology characterized the entire SVES evaluation process.
The report highlights that, while national coverage of health services has nearly doubled in the 2006–2013 period, significant gaps still exist in health based on ethnic group, gender and territory. It also indicates especially relevant sectoral and intersectoral areas for implementing equity policies.
During the event, Elena Clavell, Director General of the Integrated National Health System, underlined the support of the EUROsociAL programme, managed by the FIIAPP, in building the system, insisting on utilizing the SVESto formulate more equitable health policies, building an intersectoral agenda with all the stakeholders to be able to impact all the social determinants of health and raising the awareness of citizens to improve lifestyles and living conditions.
The event also included a space for reflection led by Rita Ferrelli, of the Italian national institute for health and EUROsociAL operational partner, the Istituto Superiore di Sanità, which presented intersectoral policy experiences in reducing inequity in both Europe and Latin America, and by Oscar Cetrángolo, member of theEUROsociAL Steering Committee, who addressed reorientation of policies and reallocation of expenditure to improve equity.
The Uruguayan Ministry of Health will incorporate the feedback from the event, and in coming weeks the report will be available on its website.