02 December 2021
Entrevistamos a Enrique Playán, director de la Agencia Estatal de Investigación, institución con la que trabajamos desde FIIAPP en proyectos de cooperación internacional. La AEI promueve la investigación científica y técnica y financia actividades de I+D+i.Enrique Playán, director de la Agencia Estatal de Investigación
¿Por qué es importante la cooperación en el ámbito de la investigación?
La cooperación internacional es la base del desarrollo científico. En ocasiones, porque hay que poner en contacto a personas que no viven en el mismo país. En otras, porque es necesario resolver problemas que escapan a los límites en un determinado país. Además, la cooperación científica forma parte de la cooperación internacional a nivel político. La diplomacia científica es un elemento fundamental de la relación entre países. La ciencia es un ámbito en el que el entendimiento es la norma general y precede de una manera muy adecuada a otro tipo de relaciones políticas. Yo no conozco disputas en cooperación científica internacional.
¿La respuesta a la pandemia podría ser un claro ejemplo de cooperación científica?
Efectivamente, en los casos en los que hay una situación humanitaria grave, la ciencia todavía responde más desde el punto de vista de compartir conocimientos y cooperar. Así ha sido en el caso de la pandemia, pero no es una excepción, es la norma general.
Otro ejemplo de cooperación en este ámbito es el proyecto de hermanamiento entre Túnez y España en el que participa la AEI. ¿Por qué son importantes este tipo de proyectos
El proyecto de Túnez para la mejora de sus capacidades y la reforma de las instituciones no solamente es interesante para los tunecinos. Todos estos temas que son muy importantes también en España, la reforma institucional, las mejores capacidades, revierten sobre nosotros. Los grupos de investigación que se establecen por relación entre los dos países tienen un enorme recorrido.
¿Cómo es la relación entre Túnez y España?
España es un país privilegiado en las relaciones con Túnez por muchas afinidades históricas, y es muy importante que estas relaciones que digo que existían, que se intensifican con este proyecto de acercamiento entre España y Túnez y sus sistemas científicos es en el futuro.
Los problemas de agua, de agricultura y de alimentación de Túnez y de España, son muy parecidos. La gestión de las aguas salobres, la escasez, las inundaciones, la relación del agua con la energía, con la alimentación… son asuntos que para España son problemas de primera magnitud y en los que encontramos una afinidad en la problemática, una afinidad en las soluciones y una variación en el enfoque entre países que resulta muy enriquecedora para las actividades de investigación.
¿España es un referente en el ámbito de la investigación?
En muchos aspectos. España es un país que tiene una gran capacidad de realizar investigación y de situarse entre los primeros países en general y en algunas disciplinas científicas en particular. Es un país en el que la tenacidad de los investigadores ha sido clave. Aun no teniendo en muchos aspectos y en muchos momentos la capacidad inversora que la investigación necesita, se han conseguido desarrollar carreras de un gran recorrido que están situando la ciencia española entre las más señaladas del mundo.
Menciona el papel clave de las investigadoras. Desde la FIIAPP creemos que es fundamental poner en valor el #TalentoPúblico de las administraciones españolas.
Yo no tengo ninguna duda sobre el sistema científico español, sobre la capacidad de sus profesionales. Incluso de los gestores de la investigación que pueden estar en universidades y centros de investigación, así como en la propia agencia y en otros financiadores del sistema público. Creo que tenemos unos recursos humanos de una gran calidad y que es preciso proteger sus capacidades para que sigan haciendo que la ciencia española se distinga en el ambiente internacional.
¿Por qué es importante la investigación para el desarrollo de un país?
Porque la investigación es el motor del bienestar. Cuando digo bienestar incluyo el desarrollo y el crecimiento económico, pero no me limito solo a ello. Y la investigación es el combustible que alimenta a las empresas y que las distingue. Hacer que el progreso de España esté alimentado por una economía basada en el conocimiento, es un objetivo de primera magnitud. Es lo que hará que España sea capaz de crecer incluso en entornos económicos negativos de crisis; que se distinga de sus vecinos y se desligue de aspectos que son muy propios del siglo XX, como la disponibilidad de recursos naturales o como otras actividades que no tengan un valor añadido basado en el conocimiento.
El empleo de nuestros jóvenes descansa en buena medida en que tengamos capacidad de generar puestos de trabajo de alto valor añadido y que requieran mucha formación. La investigación no es una política que se pueda aislar del progreso del país, sino que tiene que estar unida a otros aspectos, como el desarrollo empresarial o la educación. Todos estos factores tienen que ponerse en correspondencia para que se pueda producir esta, este viraje hacia la economía del conocimiento.
17 August 2021
We spoke with Pedro Parra from the State Public Employment Service who has participated in FIIAPP cooperation projects in Honduras and Ecuador aimed at improving their employment policies. This is part of FIIAPP’s #PublicTalent programme, which is active in more than 100 countries.
What has been the greatest achievement of your experience as a expert in cooperation projects?
To be able to take part in information, orientation, analysis, job placement and training programmes. These are processes that complement each other, although it is difficult to integrate them within the same administrative body or programme. Having taken part in projects with such positive results, I feel they have been the greatest achievement in my experience of cooperation between administrative bodies.
What are you most proud of?
Having worked to create teams of public employees that remain in place once the action is completed. Creating working groups from different administrative bodies and countries is a satisfying experience, but seeing that these teams and work dynamics have lasted over time is what makes me feel most proud.
How has your assignment helped to improve the lives of people and the planet?
The Ministries of Work and the Public Employment Services are organisations that develop and implement policies that directly affect people’s quality of life and work conditions. The analysis of employment information, territorial diagnoses and support for the creation of decent jobs all contribute to improving these policies as well as to inclusive and sustainable economic growth.
What is the main value of the public sector for you?
The public sector is a collective effort shared by everyone that represents the services and aspirations of the community, as well as meeting people’s needs and guaranteeing fundamental rights. It means common values, equality, non-discrimination and having a meeting place. The public sector means the public services, in which public employees take part, with values of rigour, professionalism, neutrality, transparency and respect for diversity. I believe that the quality of the public sector in a country is related to its level of development.
What have you learned from this experience?
Through my experience of working with the public administration in other countries, I have learned about the importance of exchanging and sharing work approaches and dynamics. Working in the public sphere is something that brings together the different administrations. Nevertheless, at the same time each has different needs and contexts, different routes and different resources and means. Through this experience I have learned that it is important to value both the shared aspects in the public sphere and, also, the diversity and particularities of each space and group.
10 August 2021
We interviewed Fernando Sánchez-Beato, a sociologist at the National Institute of Public Administration in the Ministry of Territorial Policy and Public Function who has worked on two FIIAPP-managed cooperation projects in Chile and Peru. This is part of FIIAPP’s #PublicTalent programme, which is active in more than 100 countries.
What would you highlight about your contribution to the mission to improve the lives of people and the planet?
What I am most proud of is having taken each mission as a personal challenge, analysing the objectives and conditions of the project in depth and having given my best. Although it is difficult to know to what extent, our mission has contributed to the general aim of improving the lives of people and the planet, beyond having personally contributed with the maximum interest and motivation to achieve the proposed goals.
What is the main value of the public sector for you?
Without a doubt, ethics. Ethics is the foundation on which transparency and democratic quality have to be built.
What have you learned from this experience?
I have learned many valuable things – that it is not based on superiority but on sharing experiences, that one never stops learning, that the search for solutions must begin with history, the actors and the cultural codes of the country to which they are going to be applied.
29 July 2021
We interviewed the Magistrate-Judge, Óscar Rey, of the Civil Registry of Seville who participates in the cooperation project, managed by FIIAPP and AECID, to support the fight against corruption in Mozambique. It is part of the FIIAPP’s #PublicTalent, mobilised in more than 100 countries.
What has been the greatest achievement of your experience as a mobilised expert?
The greatest achievement so far has been to have been able to get Mozambican institutions to trust in the ability of the Support for the Fight Against Corruption in Mozambique project to work with them to effectively fight against corruption and get their full participation.
What are you most proud of?
From the teamwork and effort deployed, up to now, with my colleagues at FIIAPP when it comes to defending public technical assistance as an outstanding value.
How has your mission as an aid worker and at the same time a public official contributed to improving the lives of people and the planet?
As a Magistrate, I view public service to citizens as an absolute priority and as a necessary asset for the well-being of society as a whole. I understand that it is important to export these values and knowledge to other countries through the public technical assistance promoted by FIIAPP.
What is the main value of the public aspect for you?
Technical capacity and experience, merit and capacity in the selection of professionals, and prioritisation in the professional exercise of the principles of impartiality, objectivity and independence.
What learning would you highlight?
That, sometimes, it is not easy to defend what is public against the commercialism of the market, private consultancies and vested interests. But there is no doubt that in the public sphere there are magnificent professionals who are knowledgeable about daily practice, and that this public model must be defended despite the obstacles.
25 February 2021
In this interview, José R. Rojo Rodríguez, General Director of the Institute of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning of Cuba, tells us about the importance of the IRC and the cooperation work which they have been carrying out together with the EU-Cuba Facility for Expertise Exchanges II, funded by the European Union and managed by FIIAPPJosé R. Rojo Rodríguez, General Director of the Cuban Institute of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
What is the Institute of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning?
The Institute of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning (IRC) is a national reference centre for the refrigeration sector in Cuba. Our corporate purpose is to provide scientific-technological services, conducting applied research in matters of refrigeration, air conditioning and ventilation.
We have more than 40 years of experience providing specialised solutions in these areas, with a highly qualified professional staff that carries out projects that range from the project itself to the supplying and provision of specialised technical assistance, called “turnkey projects”.
What are your main areas of work?
Our main activity consists of services for science and technological innovation works, in the national territory and abroad, technical assistance, feasibility studies, surveys, diagnoses, knowledge management and technological management by applying new technologies. We also carry out tests on refrigeration and air conditioning equipment, to certify its quality and verify its energy efficiency, both for national and foreign legal entities, provided that the latter are domiciled, established or authorised to operate in the country.
At IRC we also organise training sessions, technical events, seminars and conferences on refrigeration, air conditioning and ventilation, and we carry out standardisation work, such as: development of quality specification standards, technical requirements and energy consumption rates and technological processes within these specialist areas, as well as marketing raw materials and idle materials.
Which IRC jobs would you highlight due to their relevance to energy efficiency in Cuba?
At IRC, we have experience in developing turnkey projects for refrigeration facilities for different products and in different locations in Cuba, among which are the following: the Frigorífico San Pedrito with three freezing tunnels, the Contramaestre refrigerator for citrus fruits, the refrigerator of the Mariel Special Development Zone and the Camarones de Guajaca processing plant.
We also have laboratories that certify the quality of the refrigeration and air conditioning equipment that Cuba produces or imports and we run several specialised courses in refrigeration and air conditioning that can also be taught online through the GESTA virtual platform, the Centre for Business Management, Technical and Administrative Achievement of the Ministry of Industries of Cuba.
How is the EU-Cuba Facility for Expertise Exchanges II Programme supporting this issue? Could you mention some specific activities?
IRC’s participation in the programme has enabled us to deepen our expertise along the lines of energy efficiency and the use of all residual energy sources. This has already made it possible to work on reducing energy consumption in facilities belonging to several organisations. Likewise, this experience and the knowledge acquired has multiplied and has reached more people through the courses given by our centre to all the personnel interested in these topics.
Support for the programme has been very important for us in facilitating the participation of 3 IRC specialists on a Master’s Degree in Energy Conversion Systems and Technologies, at the Rovira y Virgilio University of Tarragona, Spain, which has allowed us to raise the scientific level of our specialists. They are already preparing their final Master’s theses, which have also been linked to the issues we are working on with the EU-Cuba Facility for Expertise Exchanges II Programme.
Within the framework of the Programme and in relation to this Master’s Degree, what results do you hope to obtain from this training?
The participation of our specialists on the Master’s Degree will allow us to open new lines of work that will influence the use of residual energies to protect the environment and expand the use of renewable energies in refrigeration and air conditioning in our country.
04 February 2021
The CT Public Spaces project, which is funded by the European Union, implemented by the Spanish Civil Guard and managed by FIIAPP, works on exchange, development and improvement related to the capacities of the professionals who are responsible for protecting public spaces in Senegal, Ghana and Kenya to strengthen their capacity to prevent and react to a possible terrorist threat.
We interviewed four representatives of the Senegalese police and national gendarmerie to learn, first-hand, about the content and impact of the training they received at the Civil Guard Special Forces Training Park (PEFE) in Logroño. This initial training will result in a team of trainers who, upon their return to Dakar, will pass on what they have learned with the support of project specialists.
What are the objectives of this training course?
This is an exchange of experiences financed by European cooperation, thanks to which members of the Senegalese police and gendarmerie have been able to come to work alongside the Spanish Civil Guard. Upon our return from the training, we will be able to put the acquired knowledge into practice in Senegal and, in turn, we will become instructors to pass on what we have learned to our colleagues in Dakar.
What activities are carried out as part of the training and what do they consist of?
The CT Public Spaces project deals with eleven different themes. In this specific training, we have worked on two of them, which are a theoretical-practical programme for precision marksmen and another for handlers working with assault and explosives detection dogs.
How will the training received here be used back in Senegal? What practical application does it have?
Once back in Senegal we will include what we have learned here in the curriculum of the main training programmes. In all our centres there are elite marksmen and dog handlers, especially in the police and gendarmerie special forces centres, that frequently receive staff for training in both specialties. Of course, the latter will also receive the training.
Is the training received appropriate to the Senegalese context, in terms of fighting terrorism and protecting public spaces?
Our day-to-day work in Senegal includes counter-terrorism preparation. We must be prepared to prevent attacks and that is why we train accordingly. This is why the training courses we received will be very valuable, so that, if one day there is a terrorist threat, we will know how to deal with it. For precision marksmen it is very useful, since they are exposed on the front line when there is a terrorist threat, which is very important. In addition, all anti-terrorism units have dog handlers. It is a win-win situation.
What was the most important part or teaching point of the training received?
Everything is very useful and it is undoubtedly an exchange we all gain something from. What has impressed us a lot is the professionalism that our Spanish colleagues have shown, both when we work on the theoretical part and when we work on the practical part. Because, of course, it is important to study and understand the theory behind each exercise, but it is even more important to be extremely professional and rigorous when it comes to putting it into practice, to be able to bring the situation under control immediately and effectively.